Finnish Lessons – What We Can Learn

More Tests, Poorer Results

  • Sahlberg presents data showing how countries that rely on test-based accountability policies have shown declining performance in math and similar trends in reading and science. At the same time, Finland has emphasized teacher professionalism, school-based curriculum, trust-based leadership, and school collaboration. It is clear from this that frequent standardized testing is not a necessary condition for improvement. Finns do a lot of diagnostic and formative assessment, which each teacher is responsible for. He also sites evidence that standardized tests causes teachers to redesign their teaching according to the tests, give higher priority to tested subjects, and do more drilling and memorization.
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3 Responses to “Finnish Lessons – What We Can Learn”

  1. DgBorn says:

    This is a nice summary.

    However, there’s a minor flaw in the description of the current structure of the Finnish education system. There is no standardized test at age 16; the national matriculation exam is the final test of the upper secondary school (called lukio, somewhat equivalent to the American high school, even though more advanced topics such as differential calculus are taught).

    Also, the test can be taken in three parts and students are free to choice which tests they will take, and will they take them in the spring or in the autumn.

    Those who choose the vocational education never take any standardized tests, and the choice between upper secondary school and vocational school is not entirely, or not even largely nowadays, determined by academic success: many successful students also opt for vocational education.

  2. Leah says:

    An amazing summary and thank you DgBorn for clearing that up. Actually, I also heard that the NME is also taken at 16.

    The overall picture I get is that things are much more customized in Finland- principals and administrators work with teachers to make them better at what they do best and teachers customize the student experience for each student helping them to achieve more in their strengths.

    I wonder if things are also different from an employer perspective. I feel like employers are one of the key driving factors to get all of our students in the US to college and some employers won’t value a vocational or trade school like they will a top University. I wonder if the culture is different in Finland.

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